A coffee that is graded by the Specialty Coffee Association (SCA). These coffee's must be graded over 80+ in an officially recognised tasting session (cupping) and have something interesting or unique about their flavour characteristics. Typically roasted light, to enjoy the fruitier, more delicate flavours
The term Specialty coffee was used to describe beans of the best flavor which are produced in special micro-climates farms.
In general, coffee is grown in the ‘Bean Belt’ which produces the tropical climate required for trees to thrive. Speciality coffee is typically grown in three continents: South and Central Americas, Asia, and Africa.
Specialty Coffee flavours are typically measured against The Flavour Wheel: https://notbadcoffee.com/flavor-wheel-en/. Give a try! See if you can identify green apple acidity in your Pway Na Phar or red wine body of your Bant Sawk?